Scientific Publication

Agro-morphological characterization of a population of introgression lines derived from crosses between IR 64 (Oryza sativa indica) and TOG 5681 (Oryza glaberrima) for drought tolerance

The study evaluated effects of drought on some agro-morphological traits of 60 rice genotypes comprising 54 introgression lines with their parents, IR 64 (Oryza sativa) and TOG 5681 (Oryza glaberrima) and four NERICA-L varieties developed from the same parents for comparison. The genotypes were subjected either to full irrigation from sowing to maturity (control) or to 21-day drought applied by stopping irrigation from the 45th day after sowing (DAS) onward (drought) in the dry seasons of 2006 and 2007-2008. Plant height, spikelet fertility, grain yield and leaf area at harvesting were consistently reduced by drought in both seasons. Values of leaf temperature, leaf rolling, leaf tip drying, leaf blast, days from seeding to flowering and maturity were higher under drought. The results on SPAD and number of tillers were not consistent. Significant relationship (P < 0.05) was observed between all traits evaluated and grain yield under drought. Introgression lines, SEN-L13-2, MPL-15-3, SEN-L10-1, SEN-L26-3 and SEN-L21-2 showed significantly higher yield than the highest yield NERICA-L variety (all of them had higher yield than the parents). Among them, SEN-L13-2 showed the lowest yield loss by drought and MPL-15-3 had high yield potential and considerably low yield loss by drought.